Share short notes taken during Ust Kamal Ashari's Kuliah Maghrib @ Masjid Saidina Abu Bakar, SS19 Subang Jaya - "Zulkaedah - Bermulanya Pembukaan Kota Mekah".
We are still in the month of Zulkaedah. Zulkaedah is the 11th month in Islamic Calender (Hijrah) -- from Muharram.......Ramadhan (fasting month), Syawal (Aidilfitri), Zulkaedah & finally Zulhijjah (Aidil Adha), next month. Apart from other Holy Months in Islam, Zulkaedah also has its importance. Event that took place in the month of Zulkaedah (6 Hijrah) was Perjanjian Hudaibiyah (the Treaty of Hudaibiyah) between Jahiliah Mecca (Musyrikin) and pilgrims from Medina (Muslims) led by Nabi s.a.w. Jahiliah stopped/prevented the pilgrims from performing the Haj.
Jahiliah were so arrogant during the discussion (including rejecting the inclusion of names of Allah and the Prophet) with some terms were not in favour to Muslims. Even the sahabat – Saidina Abu Bakar r.a and Saidina Umar r.a showed dissatisfaction and wanted to stop negotiation. But, Nabi s.a.w showed his tolerance, prevailed/accepted/sealed the Treaty. He knew what best for Muslims. With the Treaty, Nabi s.a.w together with 1,400 Muslims had no choice but to go back to Medina. For this, all were required to pay dam @ penalty for not performing Haj. Nabi s.a.w instructed pilgrims to pay dam (goat slaughter) but none took action (even after repeating 3 times). Nabi s.aw. moved to his tent for a while. Then, came his wife Ummu Salamah suggesting Nabi s.a.w to show the way to pay dam.
Ust Kamal explained at lenghth esp. on the process of negotiating, what can we learn from the event & each condition made by Jahiliah, the roles of sahabat/Muslims & the role of a wife and to lead by example etc.
And, history showed what happened the following year. 10,000 Muslims (pilgrims) entered Mecca without resistance from Jahiliah. Many Jahiliah, after that, accepted/embraced Islam. Dan ketika peristiwa itu Allah s.w.t. turunkan surah An-Nasr.
Our cikgu, Ustaz Ahmad Tunggal (Tokoh Maal Hijrah Johor 1424 -- pic) used to teach/tell us about the Treaty in school, tapi dulu untuk peksa je...semua hafal je...sepatutnya kena menghayati. Hayatilah perjuangan susah payah Nabi s.a.w. dan para sahabat dalam perjuangan Islam. Thank you Ustaz - ustaz yang sentiasa senyum dan tak pernah marah. Moga Ustaz sentiasa sihat walafiat.
Ust. Ahmad Tunggal (3rd from left) ketika terima Anugerah Tokoh Maal Hijrah 1424 Johor (pic from Utusan)